Types of Batteries Used in Electric Vehicles

a woman plugging a 2023 Chevy bolt ev in

 

More and more drivers in the Raleigh area and beyond are adopting the EV lifestyle. EV battery technology has advanced so much in recent years, and EVs can now deliver robust performance without sacrificing efficiency. There are several different electric vehicle battery options currently on the market, and each has its own advantages and disadvantages. We dive into the details below. 

 


EV Battery Technology 

Currently, there are several different options for EV batteries, ranging from batteries for fully electric vehicles to batteries for hybrid powertrains. EV battery technology is known for its longevity, so you can typically expect to get eight years or 100,000 miles out of your EV battery. However, some batteries can last as long as 12 to 15 years in moderate climates.

These are the four main types of batteries used in EVs: nickel-metal hydride, ultracapacitors, lead-acid, and lithium-ion. Let’s take a closer look at these electric vehicle battery options for your Cary drives.

Nickel-Metal Hydride Batteries — More often, you will see this type of battery in plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, but you can still find them in all-electric models as well. These types of vehicles don’t get power from the external plug-in — they use fuel to recharge the battery. 

Details: 

  • Have a longer life-cycle than lead-acid or lithium-ion batteries
  • Higher cost
  • High self-discharge rate
  • Generates significant heat

Ultracapacitors Batteries — In most cases, this type of battery is used as a secondary storage device in electric vehicles. They help electrochemical batteries level their load and boost power during acceleration and regenerative braking. 

Lead-Acid Batteries — Lead-acid batteries are used in electric vehicles to supplement other battery loads. The perks of lead-acid batteries include an affordable price, safety, and plenty of power. However, they don’t last as long and don’t work as well in colder climates.

Lithium-ion batteries —This is the most common type of battery used in electric cars. They are popular due to their high power-to-weight ratio, excellent temperature performance, and high energy efficiency. They can store a lot of energy for their weight, and this makes them a popular choice because you can travel longer distances on a single charge. They also have a low “self-discharge” rate, so they can hold a full charger longer than other batteries over time.

Find an Efficient Ride at Hendrick Chevrolet Cary

Thanks to advancements in EV battery technology, range anxiety is a thing of the past. If you have any questions about electric vehicle battery options or would like to experience an EV in action near Apex and Holly Springs, we have you covered. Contact us or stop by our showroom today. We’d also be happy to discuss how to prepare your home for an electric vehicle

 

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